“Dynamics are the tone controls of sound production.”
“The study of dynamics is not the analysis of air flow. It is the awareness of sound.”
“Sound motivates function.”
Although playing loud is a factor that encourages tone production, healthy tone production must also include developing a wide range of dynamics over a broad tessitura. As the brass player responds to the musical challenges of playing extreme dynamics, they provide themselves with an opportunity to develop control of their sound. They must not become distracted by trying to control undetectable air.
The most difficult technical challenge any brass player encounters is playing a very soft entrance on a very high note. There are three factors working against them; high frequency, soft dynamics, and attack. All three elements are factors that discourage tone production.
Like any playing skill, the ability to play a wide range of dynamics in any register must be developed methodically and gradually over time. The goal of lifting a 300 pound weight over your head cannot be achieved by just turning it on like a switch. There must be proper development over extended time.
Attempting to execute any extreme technical challenge, without methodical and progressive development, will cause failure. A history of failure will create an expectation that leads to increasing failure. We always realize our expectations whether they are positive or negative.
SOUND vs. AIR
Many brass players and teachers think of playing dynamics as the study of air flow rates. Everyone understands that dynamics are created by adjusting the flow rate of air through the embouchure. Loud dynamics require a high flow rate and soft dynamics require a low flow rate. It’s the same requirement a string player has with their bow. They must move the bow faster to play louder. I frequently hear teachers tell their students to use “fast air”.
However, there is an important fundamental difference between telling a string player to move the bow faster and telling a wind player to move the air faster. A string player can have an awareness of their bow with the senses of sight and feel.
A wind player cannot see air and they only have a very vague awareness of it by feel. Air can be felt if we blow it on our hand, but that doesn’t occur when playing a wind instrument.
Some teachers try to create detection of air by having their students imagine a moving object, such as a stream of water. However, that is a useless and unnecessary exercise that will not successfully motivate all the elements of tone production. There must always be a strong association between playing and a musical sound.
“There can only be a vague awareness of air when we play. However, it is possible have a powerful awareness of sound.”
“The brass player’s awareness of sound motivates air and all the other elements of playing, not the other way around.”
“Function motivates sound is weak methodology because self analysis results in paralysis.”
“Technical development is the result of musical challenge, not playing mechanics.”
What follows is a six exercise sequence of studies that develop the brass player’s ability to play extreme dynamic contrasts over a wide range. To create and maintain development, each exercise must be played in a progressive order. Skipping exercises or moving through them too rapidly will not allow enough time for development. These studies work equally well for individuals or with groups of instruments.
“Louder dynamics encourage tone production. Softer dynamics discourage tone production.”
EXERCISE ONE, DIMINUENDO, LONG TONES
1. Six beat long-tones with fermata, single breath. (f >pp, fermata)
(mm. quarter = 52-60)
2. First develop on mid-range notes then expand lower and higher. The fermata should be held for four beats and played as softly as possible and without interruption.
3. Exercise One should be practiced daily until the range has expanded to a minimum of two octaves, before moving to the next exercise. The estimated time of development is 4-6 weeks. The brass player will notice that their dynamic range has expanded on both ends of their dynamic range. They will also notice improvement in tonal resonance.
EXERCISE TWO, DIMINUENDO, LEGATO QUARTER NOTES
1. Practice exercise 1 substituting legato quarter notes for each beat of sustained notes before the fermata. Continue to sustain the fermata very softly for four beats. Expand the exercise to 2 ½ - 3 octaves.
EXERCISE THREE, DIMINUENDO-CRESCENDO, LONG-TONES
1. Nine beat long-tone with fermata, single breath. (f>pp
EXERCISE FOUR, DIMINUENDO-CRESCENDO, LEGATO QUARTER NOTES
1. Practice exercise 3 substituting legato quarter notes for each beat of sustained notes before the fermata. Sustain the fermata as long as possible on a single breath.
EXERCISE FIVE, SOFT ENTRANCE, LONG-TONES
1. Six beat long-tone with fermata, single breath (f>pp, fermata)(mm.quarter=60)
2. Brief pause. Start at the same dynamic level (pp).
3. Six beat long-tone with fermata, single breath (pp
EXERCISE SIX, SOFT ENTRANCE, LEGATO QUARTER NOTES
Repeat exercise five, replacing the long tone with legato quarter notes
There are benefits to be derived from developing only one or two of the six exercises in sequence. The entire sequence of exercises should be practiced over a period of about six months. They will require periodic reinforcement.
"I sing the notes in my head as I play them. It doesn't matter how my lip feels or how I feel."
Như chúng ta đã biết hiện nay trên thị trường nội thất có rất nhiều thương hiệu nội thất văn phòng khác nhau tạo ra những sản phẩm nhiều mẫu mã và chất liệu màu sắc cũng như giá cả. Đặc biệt là hơn là thương hiệu Hòa Phát với mẫu bàn làm việc hòa phát luôn được thu hút nhiều người sử dụng. Không những về mặt chất lượng thì sản phẩm bàn làm việc tại văn phòng cũng cần tuân thủ các quy tắc thiết yếu như về chất lượng ân toàn, gọn nhẹ, để chuyển thiết kế đơn giản không quá cầu kì thì những yêu câu ấy thì ban van phong gia re tphcm của Hòa Phát Sài Gòn đấp ứng những nhu cầu ấy cho khách hàng sử dụng. Không những về bàn mà chiếc ghế dành cho văn phòng cũng là yếu tố không thể thiếu trong văn phòng làm việc và đặc biệt cần có sự kết hợp hài hòa giữa bàn làm việc cho văn phòng. Và hiện nay các mẫu ghế xoay văn phòng luôn được các văn phòng công ty chọn lựa mẫu ghế làm việc cho nhân viên tại văn phòng.ReplyDelete
A GREAT SPELL CASTER (DR. EMU) THAT HELP ME BRING BACK MY EX GIRLFRIEND.ReplyDelete
Am so happy to testify about a great spell caster that helped me when all hope was lost for me to unite with my ex-girlfriend that I love so much. I had a girlfriend that love me so much but something terrible happen to our relationship one afternoon when her friend that was always trying to get to me was trying to force me to make love to her just because she was been jealous of her friend that i was dating and on the scene my girlfriend just walk in and she thought we had something special doing together, i tried to explain things to her that her friend always do this whenever she is not with me and i always refuse her but i never told her because i did not want the both of them to be enemies to each other but she never believed me. She broke up with me and I tried times without numbers to make her believe me but she never believed me until one day i heard about the DR. EMU and I emailed him and he replied to me so kindly and helped me get back my lovely relationship that was already gone for two months.
Email him at: Emutemple@gmail.com
Call or Whats-app him: +2347012841542
Nice information, You have provided valuable data for us. It is good and informative for everyone. Keep posting always. I am very thankful to you. Modular led video panelsReplyDelete
Thank you for sharing such a Magnificent articla here. I found this blog very useful for future references. keep sharing such informative articla with us.ReplyDelete
mixing and mastering